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US Concerns Over Huawei, ZTE Complicate Sprint Merger

China © Stephen Finn, Shutterstock 2012
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A $20.1bn deal between the US’ Sprint and Japan’s Softbank is facing complications due to the US government’s mistrust of Chinese telecoms equipment makers Huawei and ZTE

US telco Sprint’s $20.1 billion (£13.2bn) merger deal with Softbank, Japan’s third-largest wireless carrier, is being complicated by the US government’s distrust of China-based telecom equipment providers ZTE and Huawei.

In October 2012, the carriers penned a deal in which Softbank would receive a 70 percent stake in Sprint in exchange for $20.1 billion – money that Sprint has already begun spending on its growing Long Term Evolution (LTE) network.

Network equipment scrutiny

However, as a condition of approving the deal, the US government says it wants the right to approve network-equipment purchases, The Wall Street Journal reported on 28 March.

While the government didn’t expressly state that its interest in equipment purchases stems from a fear of the Chinese government using the Huawei and ZTE technology to spy on the United States, the motivation behind the request wasn’t missed by the Chinese government or the equipment providers.

America US China - Shutterstock © AquirA Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesperson at a 28 March press briefing urged the United States to “abandon this approach”, The Journal reported. The spokesperson added, “This doesn’t help mutual trust between the US and China, and interferes in the trade and economic relationship between the two countries.”

The US House Intelligence Committee released a report in October 2012 that probably didn’t contribute to warm relations between the nations. Following a nearly two-year investigation, the report warned that Huawei and ZTE posed a threat to national security and urged branches of the government overseeing sensitive systems to refrain from purchasing equipment from the pair.

“Any bug, beacon or backdoor put into our critical systems could allow for a catastrophic and devastating domino effect of failures through our networks,” Rep. Mike Rogers, chairman and ranking member of the committee, said in a statement at the time.

‘Concerns’

“We have serious concerns about Huawei and ZTE, and their connection to the communist government of China,” Rogers continued. “China is known to be the major perpetrator of cyber-espionage, and Huawei and ZTE failed to alleviate serious concerns throughout this important investigation.”

Huawei spokesperson William Plummer said at the time that the idea that Huawei equipment was “somehow uniquely vulnerable” to security issues ignored “technical and commercial realities” and threatened American jobs and innovation.

Responding to the government’s repeatedly articulated concerns regarding the company, Plummer told the The Journal, “The adoption of such a policy would seem little more than a market-distorting political or protectionist exercise.”

ZTE spokesperson David Dai Shu took a gentler approach, telling the The Journal that the company understands that the situation is “complicated” and that the company is “trying to prove that ZTE’s equipment is safe and poses no threat to US security”.

Softbank and Sprint have agreed not to use equipment from ZTE and Huawei in their US network, and even to replace Huawei equipment in the Clearwire network, Rep. Rogers said in a statement to The New York Times. Sprint currently owns a majority share of the 4G provider and is in the processing of acquiring the rest of it.

Rogers said he was pleased with carriers’ cooperation and will continue to try to improve the government’s authority “to thoroughly review all the national security aspects of proposed transactions”.

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Originally published on eWeek.

  1. I can understand the concern to a certain degree, I suppose hardware with systems so complex it could take years to fully reverse engineer and find any backdoors present. I would not be suprised if in years to come a piece of hardware purchased and studied by experts is found to have suspect hidden features. Hmmm wonder what Donald Trump has to say about this :).